Frank Liu helps public agencies use innovative procurement methods to deliver highly complex and large-scale airport, highway, bridge, tunnel, transit, and social infrastructure projects.
His work spans every step of the procurement process. He assists with drafting procurement and contract documents relating to design-build, public-private partnerships (P3s) and design-build-operate-maintain agreements, and advises on proposer evaluation and selection strategies.
Frank offers infrastructure clients unique expertise in engineering matters. Before attending law school, he worked as a civil engineer with Airport Design Consultants Inc. handling airport design, and with AI Engineers Inc. focusing on bridge inspection.
City of Los Angeles, Los Angeles World Airports – Consolidated Rental Car Center (ConRAC). Key member of the legal team advising on the nation’s largest consolidated rental car center (ConRAC) at the Los Angeles International Airport (LAX). The ConRAC car rental facility will relocate and centralize car rental facilities away from the Central Terminal Area at LAX and provide direct access to major freeways. Ultimately the ConRAC will be connected to the Automated People Mover (APM) train system at LAX, which will provide travelers with quick access to the terminals. The estimated $1 billion (design and construction) is being procured through an availability payment P3 delivery model. The selected developer will design and build the ConRAC and operate and maintain it for 25 years. The project reached commercial close on November 8, 2018 and financial close on December 6, 2018. The project captured the American Road and Transportation Builders Association’s “Innovation of the Year” award in 2019. Frank’s services include implementation and administration of the procurement process, including drafting of procurement, contract, and ancillary documents.
City of Los Angeles, Los Angeles World Airports – Automated People Mover (APM). Key member of the legal team advising on the Automated People Mover (APM) train system at the Los Angeles International Airport (LAX). The project reached commercial close on April 11, 2018 upon Los Angeles City Council’s unanimous approval of a $4.9 billion agreement with a developer comprised of ACS Infrastructure Development, Balfour Beatty, Bombardier Transportation, Fluor and HOCHTIEF PPP Solutions. The APM system will include six stations and up to 9 electric powered trains, each with four cars, in simultaneous operation. The APM trains will travel on an elevated 2.25-mile long guideway, easing access into and out of the second largest airport in the United States (LAX) and connecting travelers to LA Metro’s Crenshaw Light Rail Line, intermodal transportation facilities and a consolidated rental car center. The developer will design, build and partially finance the APM system, and then operate and maintain the APM system over a 25-year period. LAWA’s APM is the first APM system to be procured through an availability payment P3 delivery model. The project reached financial close on June 8, 2018. The APM project earned several awards including Project Finance International’s “Americas P3 Deal of the Year,” IJ Global’s “North American PPP Deal of the Year,” National Council of Public-Private Partnerships’ “Innovative Project of the Year,” and P3 Bulletin’s “Best Transit Project” and “Global P3 Project of the Year.” Frank’s services included implementation and administration of the procurement process, including proposal evaluation and selection of the developer, and drafting of procurement, contract, and ancillary documents.
University of Hawaii – Life Sciences Building. Member of the Nossaman team that advised the University on its first design-build project, a 45,000-square-foot structure currently under construction on the Manoa Campus as the new home for the College of Natural Sciences’ biology, microbiology and botany departments, as well as the Pacific Biosciences Research Center and the Biological Electron Microscope Facility serving 60 campus labs. Services included review of the procurement package and providing an initial draft of the design-build contract, as well as conducting a statutory compliance review. In early 2017, the contract was awarded to Layton Construction Company, LLC, with Group 70 International as the designer. Completion is scheduled for spring 2019. The state-of-the art facility is anticipated to open in spring 2020.
University of California Board of Regents – UC Merced 2020 Campus Expansion. Member of the legal team advising on this high profile project to accommodate growth of the university system’s newest campus from the current 6,700 students to 10,000 students by 2020. The $1.3 billion project, procured as an availability payment-based P3, will add approximately 790,000 assignable square feet of new facilities, including student housing, administrative and research space, classrooms and recreational centers and associated infrastructure. As the first university campus expansion in the United States to be undertaken using the P3 availability payment model, the closely watched project is expected to serve as a template for other colleges seeking to expand or rehabilitate their campuses. Following a best and final offer phase, which included negotiation with the ultimately successful Plenary-led consortium, the project quickly reached commercial and financial close in August 2016. The first two phases of the project were successfully delivered on time for the 2018 and 2019 academic years. Our services included assisting with structuring the procurement, drafting and finalizing procurement and contract documents, and developing the evaluation process. Following closing, we are advising the University on legal issues arising from the implementation of the project. Project Finance International named the UC Merced 2020 Project the 2016 “Americas P3 Deal of the Year" and IJ Global honored it as the 2016 “North American Social Infrastructure Deal of the Year." In 2017, the Board of Regents and the University received the silver award in the “Government Agency of the Year" category, and the project claimed the gold award for “Best Social Infrastructure Project" at the P3 Bulletin awards ceremony. Frank’s services include assisting with structuring the procurement, drafting and finalizing procurement and contract documents, and developing the evaluation process.
Orange County Transportation Authority – I-405 Improvement Project. Member of the legal team engaged as part of the Authority’s program management team to advise on a project to add a general purpose lane and a toll lane in each direction, as well as the conversion of an existing HOV lane in each direction, between SR 73 and I-605 in Orange County, California. The project, the largest highway upgrade in Southern California, will relieve pressure on one of the state’s most congested corridors. In November 2016, the Authority awarded a $1.2 billion design-build contract to a consortium led by OHL USA Inc. and Astaldi Construction Corp. Construction on the project, estimated to cost $1.9 billion overall, began in 2018. Frank’s role has included assisting in evaluation of SOQs for the project and reviewing procurement and contract documents for compliance with applicable laws and regulations.
Orange County Transportation Corridor Agencies (TCAs) – Orange County Public Toll Roads. Member of the legal team advising these agencies on all aspects of planning, developing and operating their toll road system since 1990. The TCAs were formed by the California Legislature in 1986 to plan, finance, construct and operate Orange County’s public managed lanes network. The system was primarily financed with proceeds from toll revenue bonds, reducing the need for taxpayer investment in roadway development. Nossaman advised on all of TCA’s contracts, including more than $2 billion in design-build contracts and operation and maintenance contracts for toll roads, facilities and systems. Frank’s assignments have included legal research as well as review of procurement and contract documents for compliance with applicable laws and regulations.
- 11.13.2017 | Infra Insight Blog
- 08.04.2017 | Infra Insight Blog
- The Regents of the University of California Reaches Commercial and Financial Close on UC Merced 2020 Project08.18.2016 | Infra Insight Blog
- 06.20.2016 | Infra Insight Blog
- 04.11.2016 | Infra Insight Blog
- 11.24.2015 | Infra Insight Blog
- 10.12.2015 | Infra Insight Blog
- 10.12.2015 | Infra Insight Blog
- 05.09.2015 | Infra Insight Blog
- 02.19.2015 | Infra Insight Blog
- 01.13.2015 | Infra Insight Blog
- 10.30.2014 | Infra Insight Blog
Honors & Recognitions
Member, Law360 Practice Group of the Year, Transportation, 2018-2019
Member, Law360 Practice Group of the Year, Project Finance, 2018